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BA Vs B.Sc- Which is Better

Jan 22, 2023 by Admin
BA Vs B.Sc- Which is Better

India's most popular career options have always been medical sciences or engineering. But what if you are not inclined toward either of them? What if your passion lies in learning about the literature and history of the human lineage? Or understanding the logic behind the physical world is what intrigues you. If this sounds close to your heart, you should consider BA or BSc.

These courses are splendid career options for employment opportunities and growth perspectives. While B.Sc. is a 3-year undergraduate program in sciences, BA is a three-year undergraduate degree in the liberal arts. You can understand that the science stream program would be inclined towards experimentation and practical application of scientific knowledge. On the other hand, the liberal arts deal with theories, literature, and creative thinking.

BA vs B.Sc - Key Insights

Before choosing between these two undergraduate programs, knowing what they are all about is important. Each of these degree programs belongs to a completely different basket of studies. Therefore, it is important to understand what each of these undergraduate programs entails and how it can benefit your career aspirations.

Full Form




3 Years

3 Years


50% in 10+2 from any stream.

50% in 10+2 from the science stream. Students from either PCB/PCMB are eligible to opt for this course.

Average Course Fees

INR 10,000  to 1 LPA

INR 10,000 to 2 LPA

Entrance Exams



Average Salary


INR 6.04 LPA

BA vs B.Sc - Overview

A Bachelor of Arts (BA)  is a 3 years undergraduate degree in liberal arts. The field has versatile areas that can be considered a specialization, such as psychology, philosophy, social sciences, English literature, etc. In a broader context, one can find subjects such as fine arts, classical music, etc. As these are undergraduate degree programs, the depth of study would not be enough to give you expertise in the subject matter.

On the other hand, a Bachelor of Science (BSc) is an undergraduate program offered to students pursuing a science stream in their 10+2 pattern. Science is a vast field of study. Zoology, biology, physics, chemistry, and statistical mathematics can be found. The list of subjects that can be offered in a bachelor of science degree is almost unlimited. With each passing year, we see additions to these undergraduate program offerings.

BA Vs B.Sc - Eligibility

Just like the differences in the curriculum and subject matter of the two undergraduate programs are different, their eligibility criteria are also distinct. One should remember that the admission process and specific eligibility criteria differ from University to University. Checking and verifying the same is the responsibility of the applicant.

BA Eligibility Criteria

  • Almost every institute would ask for 50% aggregate marks in the 12th results.
  • If you opt for an honours degree, having its corresponding subject is necessary for the 10+2 level. For example, students pursuing a BA economics degree need economics as their subject in 12th standard.
  • Students would also need to clear the entrance exam to get admission to the particular University.

B.Sc Eligibility Criteria

  • The most common eligibility criterion is to have PCB/M as a subject combination in class 12th.
  • An aggregate of 50% marks or more is required.
  • Clearing the cut-off marks of the applicable entrance examination test of the particular University.

BA vs B.Sc - Benefits

Now that you know the basic eligibility criteria and program structure of BA and B.Sc, it is important to understand the benefits they can offer you. If you are thinking about b.sc or ba, which is better for IAS or any other competitive exams/job roles, then this analysis will help you. Each of these undergraduate programs is unique in its offerings, so their benefits vary. Let us try to understand the popular benefits students gain from pursuing these degrees:

Benefits of pursuing a BA

Some of the major benefits students can gain from pursuing a bachelor in arts are stated as follows:

  • Being an interdisciplinary study, the Bachelor of arts program can educate the student in a variety of fields
  • Gaining general knowledge and aptitude would be helpful for candidates who are aiming to pursue civil services examinations.
  • The acquaintance and skill set gained from this undergraduate program is versatile, so the job opportunities are ample.
  • Last but not least, a BA degree in India is one of the most cost-effective undergraduate programs to pursue

Benefits of pursuing a B.Sc

B.Sc. is a classic undergraduate program for students interested in science. However, it has its own set of merits as well, which are:

  • The program heavily relies on mentoring students in setting their foot in formal scientific fields such as research and development.
  • Many B.Sc degree curricula have practical application and fieldwork, which can be crucial in landing early job opportunities.
  • This undergraduate program's research skill and qualitative knowledge is second to none.
  • B.Sc. graduates have a reputation and standing to apply for lucrative jobs easily.

BA vs BSc - Syllabus

To get a better consideration of what is taught and covered in the respective undergraduate programs, let us have a comprehensive look at the common subjects each of them would cover:

BA course subjects

  • English Communication
  • Development of Psychological
  • Social Psychology
  • Language
  • Youth, Gender, and Identity
  • Psychological Research
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Professional Communication

B.Sc course subjects

  • Basic Chemistry
  • Real Analysis
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Applied Physiology
  • Moral and Value Education
  • Research Methodology
  • Applied Biochemistry
  • Fundamental Programming

BA vs B.Sc - Career Scope

If any other undergraduate program gets recruitment opportunities on the same level as engineering graduates, that would be BA and B.Sc. graduates. Due to the wide scope covered in both of these course programs, the graduates are suitable for various job profiles.

It is only natural that the employment areas and job profiles for BA and B.Sc. graduates are quite different. The specialization pursued the specific type of job the graduate would be suitable for. For example, a graduate with a BA in Economics would easily land a job as a rookie economist. And a B.Sc. in Computer science would be eligible to apply for programming analyst jobs.

To give you a short-term idea about the employment areas and the type of job designations you can expect from any of these courses, we have a table:




Employment Areas

Fine Arts, Civil Services, Advertising and Marketing, Journalism and Mass Media, Literature, Civil Services,  Public Administration

Research, Software Development, Healthcare, Pharmacology, Information Technology

Job Designations

Graphics Designer, Journalist, Area Sales Manager, Content Writer, Theatre Artist, Teacher or Lecturer, Business Development Manager, Advertising Head, Reporter etc

Research Scholar, Physicist, Analytical Chemist, Software Developer, Operations Manager, Technology Consultant, Risk Analyst, Microbiologist, etc.

BA Vs BSc Salary in India

BA and BSc graduates are eligible for amazing salary packages wherever they are hired. The basic salary package often depends on job assignment, work experience, specialization area, and work sector. As aspirants, it is natural that students want to know how much they can earn from investing in their respective courses. As experience in this area increases, graduates' remuneration level also increases.

BA graduates earn an average salary of INR 4.38 LPA in the current job market. Below are some of the main positions and the average salary scale for undergraduate graduates from these fields:

Job Role

BA Average Salary

Relationship Manager

INR 3.68 LPA

Customer Service Manager

INR 5.68 LPA

Operations Manager

INR 6.78 LPA

Administrative Assistant




To give you a basic idea, India's BSc Average Salary is INR 6.02 LPA. On the other hand, the average salary for B.Sc graduates varies according to the sector they are employed in. For example, salaries for analytical programmers are usually higher than for an entry-level chemist job.

Job Role

Average Payscale

Software Developer

INR 3.95 LPA

Operations Manager

INR 8.39 LPA

Area Sales Manager

INR 7.46 LPA

Data Scientist

INR 8.36 LPA

Assistant Professor


BA vs B.Sc - Higher Studies Scope

After completing an undergraduate degree, graduates have many options for further studies. Some graduates might study a specialized MSc course in a relevant field, while others might pursue a PhD if they have a specific research interest. MSc and PhD degrees have great value regarding jobs and career prospects and often lead to high-paying jobs.

Besides specializing in technical studies, some B.Sc. graduates may also want to consider a management degree after completing their undergraduate degree. As a result, MBA programs after B.Sc. degrees are among India's most popular options for science graduates.

Similarly, more specialized graduates may pursue a Master of Arts degree or an MA. For example, those more interested in pursuing management studies may pursue an MBA after their BA. Graduating from college is a rite of passage for many young adults. After completing their undergraduate studies, some students pursue a Master's degree or an MA after completing their undergraduate studies. Others may choose to pursue a PhD depending on their interests.

BA vs B.Sc - Which is better?

The right choice of college degree always depends on the student's individual requirements and career aspirations. Before you set out to make your final decision, try to pin down what exactly you are trying to seek from this degree. Having a clear idea would make life easier after getting your college admission. If you are unclear about the type of reasons that can guide you in your decision-making, here are some to get you started:

Transferable skills

A BA degree will teach you useful skills in almost any field. On the contrary, B.Sc. is a focused discipline that will only discuss the specific science stream you have chosen.

Career options

A versatile degree would naturally offer versatile job opportunities. For example, students often apply for government jobs and prepare for state-level administrative jobs after their BA degree. On the other hand, B.Sc. students either build their rapport using further education like M.Sc. or get into specialized employment.

Technical knowledge

As stated before, B.Sc. is a course focused on technical knowledge. Be it computer science or mathematics, you will learn it in detail. In addition, many universities now involve field work and live projects to train students with hands-on experience. It is very helpful if you seek employment after your undergraduate degree.